How To Build A Volleyball Court In Your Backyard

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Though beach volleyball is mostly a summertime staple, depending on the size, style and geographic location of your backyard, this sport can be a year round luxury. Creating a volleyball beach court transforms even ordinary backyards into useful and entertaining spaces. Beach volleyball offers great workouts for advanced players and beginners alike. Whether it's a son or daughter who has taken to the sport, or your own personal passion to play, putting a sand volleyball court in the backyard is sure to please the whole family.

1. Locate a Space

  • A proper space to put a volleyball court is in an 80-foot by 50-foot area. A regulation size court is 60-foot by 30-foot, which allows for ten feet of safe space on each sideline.
  • While this is the ideal amount of space for a court, one can still be constructed in smaller areas. Modify the location and size of your court to best fit your yard.

2. Excavate the Area

  • This is the time to clear any debris, grass, or cement that may be in the court area.  
  • Once the area is cleared, it should be leveled and flattened.  
  • The area should be excavated at least three feet deep. 
  • A drainage system should be installed to move water away from the court.

3. Mark the Court

  • Mark a 60-foot by 30-foot area to place the volleyball court. 
  • Mark the 60-foot area in half to locate where the net will be placed. 

how do i put a volleyball court in my backyard?

4. Pole System

  • Two holes should be dug at the half way mark, with at least five feet of space outside the width of the court.  
  • Dig the holes at least one foot in diameter and three feet deep. These dimensions will change based on what type of pole system is chosen.  
  • The poles that support the net system can either be made of treated lumber (six by six is suggested) or galvanized metal. There are other poles that can be used, but these are the most common and considered the safest.
  • Place the poles in the holes and cement them into the ground.
  • The poles should be covered with padding for safety. 

5. Sand

  • A divider should be placed in between the playing space and the rest of the yard before sand is poured. This is to protect the court from any weeds or exterior pest that may try to make the sand their home.
  • The divider can be manufactured out of wood just like a garden bed would be made.
  • First, lay down approximately one foot of gravel on the playing area. The gravel will aid in proper water drainage.
  • Then put a durable material on top of the gravel, like burlap or landscape fabric. This will make sure that the sand does not sink into the gravel as well as help keep the sand leveled.
  • Once this is done, pour about two feet of beach quality sand onto the court. Rake the sand until the surface is leveled. 

6. Install the Net System

  • Find a net system that works best with the poles you have been chosen. There are many nets to choose from, but a typical outdoor net is sturdy and has vinyl tape surrounding it.
  • The net height is determined by gender. A women's net is set at 7'4" while the men's net is set at 8ft.
  • A velcro antenna is suggested for an outdoor court because they tend to be slightly more durable and they can also fit on any style of net.
  • Finally, purchase court lines. Lines are typically made of rope or nylon, but nylon is suggested to avoid causing rope burns when the court lines are brushed against.

Other Backyard Courts

If a sand court is not possible or desirable for your backyard, here are some other options:

Grass Court: A grass court can be assembled similarly to the beach court, while the lack of dealing with sand makes this style of court slightly easier to install.  An area of 80-foot by 50-foot is still recommended, and the entire area should be covered with grass. Temporary net systems may also be installed, but are not as sturdy. In order to put a more permanent system in, step four and six of the beach court instructions should be followed.  Grass courts also have an advantage over a beach court in that they can be put away for storage in the winter, and the space can also be used for other functions if need be. 

Cement Court: A cement court requires less maintenance than a beach or grass court, and can use one of two net systems. The first type requires two individual poles just like the sand and grass courts. The difference is that they can roll-away for set up and cleanup. For a more permanent solution, two holes could be excavated and the volleyball poles would need to be set in cement. The second type requires a basketball pole. This pole can be used to attach one side of the net while another pole would be needed for the other side of the net. A wall or fence can also be used in place of a basketball pole.    

Last Updated: April 11, 2013
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About Cooper Chavez Cooper Chavez is a contributing writer for where he draws from his extensive home improvement background. He is studying Communications at California State University, Northridge, and has taken an interest in do-it-yourself home and garden projects. He has spent many weekends installing appliances, renovating spaces, and landscaping gardens. allows Cooper to share his passion for home renovation with readers. Cooper grew up in Southern California with a love for every sport he could get his hands on. He tries to get outside every day and go for a lengthy run on roads or trails, and can often be found at the beach or the mountains on the weekends. Even though he's lived in a warm climate his entire life, one of Cooper's favorite seasons is the winter because of his love for skiing.    

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